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League of Women Voters of the San Antonio Area

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2023 Texas Constitutional Amendments

Published on 8/7/2023

The Nov. ballot will include at least 14 amendments to the Texas Constitution. Others may be added in special legislative sessions. On each amendment, a “yes” vote supports amending the Constitution. A “no” vote opposes amending the Constitution. A majority vote is required for passage.

  • To get on the ballot: Texas constitutional amendments must be approved by 2/3 of both the Texas House and the Texas Senate.
  • To get into the constitution: They must receive a simple majority of all votes cast in the state.

This election will include Texas Constitutional Amendments and some area municipal and school board elections, not including San Antonio, which had its municipal election in March.

Brief videos explaining each of the 14 Constitutional Amendments on the Nov. ballot have been put together by the League of Women Voters of Texas. Similar but more extensive information will be in the Voters Guide and our online guide,, two weeks before early voting starts. Links go to the videos on YouTube and will open in a new window.

  • Proposition 1: Establishing a right to farming, ranching, timber production, horticulture, and wildlife management on owned or leased personal property.
  • Proposition 2: Allowing local governments to exempt childcare facilities from property taxes.
  • Proposition 3: Prohibiting the imposition of an individual wealth or net worth tax on individuals or families.
  • Proposition 4: Increasing the homestead tax exemption by a school district to $100,000 and increasing state funding for public education.
  • Proposition 5: Renaming State University Research Fund from National Research University Fund and establishing an ongoing revenue source from the accrued interest of the Economic Stabilization Fund (the Rainy Day Fund.).
  • Proposition 6: Creating the Texas water fund to assist in financing water projects in this state.
  • Proposition 7: Creating the Texas Energy Fund to support the construction, maintenance, modernization, and operation of electric generating facilities.
  • Proposition 8: Creating the Texas Broadband Infrastructure Fund to expand high-speed broadband access and assist in the financing of connectivity projects.
  • Proposition 9: Authorizing the state legislature to provide a cost-of-living adjustment to eligible annuitants of the Teacher Retirement System of Texas.
  • Proposition 10: Authorizing the state legislature to exempt from ad valorem taxation tangible personal property manufactured by medical or biomedical companies.
  • Proposition 11: Authorizing the legislature to permit conservation and reclamation districts in El Paso County to issue bonds supported by ad valorem taxes to fund the development and maintenance of parks and recreational facilities.
  • Proposition 12: Providing for the abolition of the office of county treasurer in Galveston County.
  • Proposition 13: Increasing the mandatory retirement age for state judges and justices from 75 to 79 and the minimum retirement age to 75 years, up from 70.
  • Proposition 14: Providing for the creation of the centennial parks conservation fund to be used for the creation and improvement of state parks.

Further descriptions of the amendments can be found on the Secretary of State's website.

League of Women Voters of the San Antonio Area

PO Box 12811

San Antonio, TX 78212
(210) 657-2206